1st division of Hume’s epistemology
In his Treatise (Part I.i) the philosopher David Hume established a first division about perceptions. Perceptions are divided into impressions and ideas. While perceptions seems to be linked to body’s activities, impressions and ideas belongs to a higher dimension of being which is known as the mind. It
is not clear if Hume’s intention is to separate body from the mind or if he wants to amalgamate both in a single entity. If it is the first case Hume’s stance resemble more an idealist than of a an empiricist as for the later kind mind is somewhat attached to the body.
Perceptions may be divided into impressions and ideas which seems to belong to the mind. Their only difference is made clear by degree or liveliness. Whereas the former is greater than the later in both differences.
- The self is a concatenation of impressions and ideias.
- If the self is to pride it can be humble, but not at same time.
It does to maintain the the consciousness intatct.
- The passion is placed between two ideas in which one is the cause and the
other is the object. Example: The cause of pride is humility and vice versa.
Pride and Humility According to David Hume
There are many subjects that affects our self as courage for publishing a book
or the humilty of being ignore as a writer. According to Hume our self is made
as a chain of impressions and ideas. The impressions raises direct passions in
our soul and ideas raises indirect passions. It is impossible to be humble and pride at the the same time, because one passion may anihilate the other and it would cause the self to disintegrate and consequently our consciouness might disappear. The solution that Hume proposes is to place the subject between two ideas or impressions in which both cases the one functions as cause and the other as an object. For example, If I am proud of having a nice house than the subject ‘house’ is the cause of my pride my humility that depends on the quality of that object. So, it seems that the self is the
subject of our passions.